One of the "national foods of the South" you'll find it on just about every restaurant menu south of the Mason-Dixon line!
This cube-steak-family-favorite is usually served with cream gravy and a side of "I need a nap!" Granted, this fried plate of goodness is not the healthiest choice, but once in a while, it's okay to treat yourself to some homemade Chicken Fried Steak.
Here's what you need:
The chicken fried steak ingredients are: heat-tolerant oil, cubed steak, buttermilk (or milk), eggs, flour, salt, pepper, cayenne pepper. I prefer to use buttermilk mixed in with the eggs because the acid from the buttermilk further tenderizes the cube steak. If you don't have buttermilk, you can easily make your own or use plain milk.
How to make it:
Dredge the seasoned beef in egg then in seasoned flour and fry.
Use one bowl for lightly beaten eggs and another for flour seasoned with salt, pepper and cayenne. Drag the beef steak through the egg, coating thoroughly, then through the flour. Shake off exceess and place beef in skillet with hot oil.
What kind of oil do I use?
Back in the day, our Great Grandmothers used lard, which is a high-cholesterol fat derived from pork; then, our Grandmother's discovered "shortening", also known as Crisco™.
Crisco really does fry foods the best, but now we know it's loaded with those bad trans fats and it's not good for us so, we use vegetable or canola oil. Both of these oils are high-heat tolerant, as opposed to olive oil, which will burn easily at higher temperatures. Other high-heat tolerant oils are walnut, grapeseed and peanut oil.
Use a meat thermometer to determine the heat of the oil or, you can sprinkle a little flour in the oil. If it sizzles, the oil is hot enough; if it doesn't sizzle, continue heating the oil.
Restaurant and commercial fryers typically cook chicken fried steak at 350ºF; but this is too hot for home frying and plus that, it's just downright scary to heat up oil that hot. I find the best results are when the oil is between 260-312ºF. The steak will still fry, but it will take a bit longer than in a restaurant.
How do I know when it's done?
According to government guidelines, chicken fried steak should have a center, internal temperature of at least 160ºF. This is to ensure no bacteria are present. I have found varying recommended internal temps on line. Some say a minimum of 145ºF, while others say 165ºF. I use government guidelines just to be safe.
Tips for frying steak
Here are some fail-proof tips for making the perfect Southern Chicken Fried Steak
- Let the steak rest: pull the steak out of the fridge and let it rest on the counter about 10-15 minutes before seasoning.
- Set up dredging Station: Use two flat bowls (I use pie plates); set one up with eggs and milk and the other with seasoned flour.
- Use the right pan: Cooking with high heat requires a heavy-bottomed frying skillet. I recommend cast-iron 100%.
- Use the right oil: use a high-heat oil like vegetable, canola, peanut, grapeseed or walnut. Olive oil is not high-heat-tolerant and will burn.
- Use enough oil: Depending upon the size of your skillet, you'll want to pour about 1-inch of oil in the pan.
- Use tongs: I use 3 separate tongs for the process: 1 for dredging in egg/milk mixture; another tong for dredging the steak in flour and a third for flipping and removing the steak from the oil. If you don't have three tongs, use your fingers for dredging the steak in the milk mixture and flour; you'll definitely need tongs for flipping and removing the steak from the hot oil.
- Don't Move the Steak: Just like frying fish, place the flour-coated meat in the hot oil and don't touch it for two minutes. Just don't. After two minutes, use the tongs to "peek" at the bottom to see if it's getting nice and brown. If it is, then flip the steak; if not, let it cook another minute.
- Adjust stove heat: If you see the steak starting to burn, turn the heat down a little. You want a golden crisp fried coating on the steak--not charred.
- Use an accurate meat thermometer: There's nothing worse than cutting into a chicken fried steak, only to find the center pink and stringy. The center of the steak should reach a minimum internal temperature of 145ºF. I usually cook mine to an internal temp of 160ºF.
- First batch looks best: Chicken fried steaks are usually pretty big and most cast-iron skillets can hold only one at a time, which means you have to work in batches. If you find yourself in this situation, don't worry! The first steak will come out lighter than the others because the oil is fresh.
- If this really bothers you, you can pour off the old oil in between batches and reheat new oil. I find this cumbersome and a waste of time. Plus that, in the meantime, my cooked chicken fried steaks are getting cold!
- Drain on paper towel: Have a clean plate next to your frying pan with a few layers of paper towels. Once the steak is done, place it on the paper towel to drain.
If you're craving more good food, you might like:
♥ If you make this recipe, please leave a comment and rating! I love to hear from you!
Chicken Fried Steak
- Cast iron skillet
- Meat thermometer
- Paper towels
Chicken Fried Steak Ingredients:
- 2 lbs. cubed steak
- 1+ cups oil (not olive oil); you may need more oil, depending upon the size of your skillet (See Recipe Notes: Oil)
- ¾ cup buttermilk (or plain milk)
- 3 whole eggs lightly beaten
- 3 cups flour
- 1 tablespoon kosher salt (for flour)
- 1 tablespoon paprika (for flour)
- 1 tablespoon cayenne (for flour)
- 1½ tablespoon ground black pepper (for flour)
- salt and pepper (to season steaks)
Cream Gravy Ingredients:
- ½ cup oil (reserved from fried steak)
- ½ cup flour
- 3 cups milk
- salt and pepper to taste
- Remove steak from fridge and let rest on counter 10-15 minutes
- Set up dredging station with two bowls: One with lightly beaten egg and buttermilk; the other with flour, salt, pepper and paprika
- Lightly salt and pepper both sides of cube steak; (if you want to make Chicken Fried Steak Fingers, slice the steaks into equal strips)
- Dredge seasoned steak in buttermilk/egg mixture; then dredge that piece of meat in the flour mixture;
- Heat heavy bottom (cast iron works best) skillet with oil; oil should be hot enough to sizzle, but not too hot or it will catch on fire
Cook The Steak:
- Once meat has been coated, place steak into the hot oil; cook two minutes; after two minutes, turn the meat to the other side and cook for an additional two minutes.
- Use meat thermometer to check internal temperature; when the center reaches 160ºF, the steak is done
- Place on paper towel; serve and enjoy!
Make the Gravy
- Use a separate skillet for the gravy; pour ½ cup reserved frying oil into clean skillet; heat on medium
- Sprinkle in equal amount of flour; whisk (mixture will be clumpy)
- Add 1 cup of milk to flour mixture; continue to whisk; add another cup of milk; continue to whisk
- If gravy is too thick, add final cup of milk to mixture and whisk until smooth
- Add salt and a generous amount of black pepper to your liking
- Serve over Chicken Fried Steak